Semikin M. O.From culture of sense to the sense of culture

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УДК 140.8;130.2

DOJ 10.25140/2412-1185-2016-2(8)-161-168

М. А. Семикин, к. филос. н.


Аннотация. Смысловая сфера является своеобразным сиамским близнецом культуры: с одной стороны, она немыслима вне культуры, с другой стороны, сама составляет содержательный фундамент, первый и последний интерпретационный рубеж каждого культурного феномена. И хотя такая тесная, генетическая зависимость культуры и смысла не подлежит сомнению, продолжает оставаться открытым вопрос о смысловых параметрах культуры и о культурном своеобразии смысла.

Ключевые слова: культура, смысл, иерархия ценностей, мировоззрение, философская рефлексия, индивидуальное и общественное сознание.

М. О. Семикин,
к. філос. н.


Анотація. Смислова сфера є своєрідним сіамським близнюком культури: з одного боку, її не можна уявити поза культурою, а з іншого – вона сама утворює змістовий фундамент, першу і останню інтерпретаційну межу будь-якого культурного феномену. І хоча, така невід’ємна, генетична залежність культури і смислу не піддається сумніву, залишається відкритим питання про смислові параметри культури і про культурну своєрідність смислу.

Ключові слова: культура, смисл, ієрархія цінностей, світогляд, філософська рефлексія, індивідуальна і суспільна свідомість.

M. A. Semikin, Candidate of Philosophy Sciences


Abstract. The semantic sphere is a kind of Siamese twin of culture: on the one hand, it is inconceivable outside of culture and on the other hand, the semantic sphere creates a substantive foundation, the first and last interpretative boundary for each cultural phenomenon. Although such close genetic interdependency between culture and sense is not subject to doubt, the questions about the meaningful param-eters of culture and about cultural uniqueness of sense remain open.
Semantic field is the foundation for any direction of philosophical knowledge. Culture is also impossible beyond a certain semantic hierarchy of priorities. It is therefore natural that the philosophical approach to culture depends largely on the specific meaning of the concepts, semantic foundations of human existence and society as well.
At the level of collective consciousness the expediency for the meaningful demarcation between culture and civilization, as a rule, is not visible. The theoretical and especially philosophical levels of consciousness both allow such expediency and also frequently insist on such necessity. The conceptual intrigue is what kind of conceptual markers are necessary for enclosing in a conceptual framework of the meaningful demarcation.
Multidimensional nature of culture is a direct consequence of the diversity of factors that are in the foundation of its origin, historical genesis and its modern application. Among these factors, one can identify a complex symbiosis of rationality and irrationality, myth and religion, ethics and aesthetics. Each of these aspects has contributed to the emergence of modern culture format.
The stereotypes of mass consciousness about science a priori have at least one significant flaw – the lack of critical assessments of the current status quo. The philosophical reflection is intended to neutralize this disadvantage. Finally, a critical, balanced and integrated approach to science is very important for the science itself because it can help to adequately assess the risks and threats and also provide «the work on mistakes» with convincing evidence.

Keywords: culture, sense, the hierarchy of values, worldview, philosophical reflection, individual and public consciousness.

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