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Pavlenko V. P., Svitailo N. D. The life cycles of empires: the essential approach

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УДК 141.7

DOJ 10.25140/2412-1185-2016-2(8)-115-123

В. П. Павленко, ст. викладач,
Н. Д. Світайло, к. філос. н.,
доцент

ЕТАПИ ЕВОЛЮЦІЇ ІМПЕРІЙ: СУТНІСНИЙ ПІДХІД

Анотація. На основі комплексного аналізу способів владарювання, підкорення та контролю, за допомогою якого метрополія підкорює собі інші народи, у статті запропоновано новий підхід до періодизації імперій. Виділено п’ять основних етапів розвитку імперій, ознаками яких є той силовий ресурс, який імперія накопичує завдяки підкоренню інших і за рахунок якого потім живе, трансформуючи його у соціальні та статусні вигоди для власного населення: ресурс військової сили, політичної, ідеологічної, економічної або інформаційної. Робиться висновок про доцільність такого сутнісного підходу для ефективного подолання імперського впливу у сучасних умовах .

Ключові слова: держава, імперія, еволюція, імперська ментальність.


В. П. Павленко, ст. преподаватель,
Н. Д. Свитайло,
к. филос. н.,
доцент

ЭТАПЫ ЭВОЛЮЦИИ ИМПЕРИЙ: СУЩНОСТНЫЙ ПОДХОД

Аннотация. На основе комплексного анализа способов господства, подчинения и контроля, с помощью которого метрополия покоряет другие народы, в статье предложен новый подход к периодизации империй. Выделено пять основных этапов развития империй, признаками которых является тот силовой ресурс, который империя накапливает благодаря подчинению других и за счет которого потом живет, трансформируя его в социальные и статусные выгоды для собственного населения: ресурс военной силы, политический, идеологический, экономический или информационный. Делается вывод о целесообразности такого сущностного подхода для эффективного преодоления имперского влияния в современных условиях.

Ключевые слова: государство, империя, эволюция, имперская ментальность.


V. Р. Pavlenko, Senior Lecturer,
N. D. Svitailo, Candidate of Philosophy Sciences,
Associate Professor

THE LIFE CYCLES OF EMPIRES: THE ESSENTIAL APPROACH

Abstract. Peculiarities of contemporary manifestations of empire as a form of political organization actualize research stages in the evolution of empires which in turn requires an analysis of the whole complex of modern hightech and highly organized way of ruling, subjection and control available in the arsenal of modern empires and considerably alter their external image.
Representing the methodological approach to determination of empires develop-ment stages is considered in this paper. The main differentiating feature of each stage of empires evolution, the power resource is selected. There are five major steps that the empire passed in its development: the first stage - the military empires, the second - phase of political empires, the third stage marks the ideological empire, the fourth stage of the evolution is in the economic empires. Today we can speak about the transition to the fifth step in the evolution of the phenomenon, which are representatives of the information empire which boundaries do not always coincide with national ones. The conclusion about the need to incorporate the features of this stage to effectively overcome the imperial influence - not so much because of political efforts, but because of cultural meaning, in the form of moral uplift over the remains of the imperial mentality.
A cursory review on the empires evolution allows to understand that they are not random, short-term phenomenon of history, but are an integral part of the global political system, in which each of them acts as a unifier of fragmented states mired in infighting. Of course, this is not a "civilizing" mission, or some step forward for the countries and peoples absorbed by an Empire - this is only an end to the chaos and destruction caused by external forces. And as long as a similar function in civil conflicts is performed by the UN, the need in the empire remains except in relation to the conflict of information, "meaning". However, if before the civil conflicts generate inter-nal economic, political and interethnic problems of the country, and their fire only worsened these problems, but now such outbursts are more often provoked from the outside, and it is they that create the most domestic economic, political and ethnic problems.
But, according to the authors, the inability of empires for self-development should not be underestimated, especially since their power mainly rests not on actual political or military power, but on the faith of its provinces and colonies in this power, on the fear of it, and on the poisoning even its ardent opponents with treacherous imperial mentality - that does not allow them to deal with it efficiently and effectively.
Our proposed approach to the division of the stages of empires evolution can be called essential, since it is not based on the classification of certain Empire to the chronological framework of the history of European or some other civilization, and on ways of allocating it to the reign of one of the five types of power resources used by it.

Keywords: state, empire, evolution, imperial mentality.

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